His name often mispronounced "tho-nay", but actually pronounced "toe-net", Michael Thonet was a German-Austrian cabinet maker born in 1796. He is best known for the gently curving lines of his chairs which started their illustrious career by winning a bronze medal at the World’s Fair in 1851. Timeless, yet still at home amongst more modern decor, vintage and used Thonet accent chairs and dining tables are very versatile and collectible today.
THE ESSENTIAL GUIDE TO VINTAGE THONET FURNITURE
The iconic bentwood furniture designs by Michael Thonet are recognizable throughout the world. They’ve made their way from a casual coffeehouse chair to treasured vintage pieces, all the while bending the rules of furniture design. By developing and employing a technique that bends wood, Thonet was able to create among the world’s first sculpted chairs, table, stools, coat racks, and couches. Later, design masters like Hans Wegner would come to employ wood bending techniques that were originally spearheaded by Thonet.
A HISTORY OF THONET
Hailing from Boppard, Germany, Thonet began his woodworking career as a master cabinet maker in 1819. It is here that he developed his own way of creating bentwood furniture by heating layers of wood veneer to create impressive curved designs.
Thonet’s accomplishments didn’t go unnoticed, as he soon caught the eye of Austrian Chancellor Prince Metternich, who invited Thonet to Vienna. While in Vienna, Thonet learned the art of parquet flooring. It wasn’t until 1849 that Thonet and his five sons began making furniture for their very own store.
In 1859, Thonet Bros, as the store was known, created the most famous of their designs with the chair No. 14. Today, it is known throughout the world as the Viennese Coffeehouse chair with over 50 million of these vintage Thonet chairs having been sold.
By 1871, Thonet Bros was growing in popularity. It expanded its operations with locations throughout Europe, Russia, and the U.S. A French subsidiary was also opened in 1929, that also concentrated on bent steel designs based off of Thonet’s wood furniture look.
While Thonet has consolidated its operations over time, it has branched out to plywood and tubular designs today. Its U.S. operations are owned by CFGroup under the Thonet Industries U.S.A name. Both the Germany family operations and the U.S. business continue to produce bentwood and curved material furniture designs today.
ATTRIBUTES OF VINTAGE THONET FURNITURE
Today, bentwood style furniture is made in much the same way that Thonet created it more than two centuries ago. Wood is steamed or soaked with water until it is pliable. It is then bent into the desired shape – usually curved lines and scrolls. The result is a classic yet casual design that can be seen in many homes across the country. Whether you find a new or used Thonet piece, it is still handcrafted one at a time by Thonet woodworkers.
Many of the vintage Thonet furniture pieces that grace home interiors had a previous life as a club, hotel, shop or restaurant chair, as their design was durable and comfortable, making them a prime pick for these venues. Many of these pieces have survived the decades and are available as used furniture designs.
Today, Thonet furniture carries on the design appeal that Thonet intended with his bentwood designs, incorporating curved backs, legs, and arms. Most used bentwood chairs by Thonet incorporate a deep black or brown stain with seats that are canned or solid. The Viennese Coffeehouse chair has this exact design. Wood pieces are made from most any type of wood with a particular bias towards beech.
Thonet was truly an innovator of his time, creating an art form that has transcended time and become recognizable worldwide. Used Thonet furniture will grow your home collection and give you a piece the embodies the revolutionary ideas of Thonet. You’ll add instant beauty to your home, while enjoying every bit of functionality these vintage furniture pieces offer as well.
ICONIC USED THONET FURNITURE PIECES
The vintage furniture designs by Thonet have expanded over time with notable standouts such as the Thonet rocking chair. The Thonet rocking chairs is comparable to art, with dramatic curves that hark back to the No. 14 chair, while remaining an entirely unique piece. You’ll find that a Thonet rocker will be quite a showpiece in your home, thanks to their unique lines that draw the eye towards them.
There are thousands of used bentwood variations available, including those that are both genuine Thonet pieces and reproductions. Companies have been reproducing Thonet furniture for more than 100 years, making some of the used reproductions old enough to be considered antiques in their own right. Many of these vintage reproductions are made of very high-quality materials with excellent workmanship.
CARING FOR YOUR VINTAGE THONET FURNITURE
Used Thonet furniture needs to be kept clean so that it stays in good shape. The piece should be dusted often because dirt can harm the surface. Wood must be adequately cleaned, but only with a product that won’t cause damage. Wipe the surface and any hardware on a regular basis, and the piece will last a long time.
Caning has long been used for Thonet chair seats and backs. It is a sturdy material that is easy to care for. Old caning may require some attention to keep it functioning properly. Sometimes caning can become brittle and may break. Caning must be conditioned to keep it from becoming damaged. Cane seating is often considered more comfortable than wood because it is more flexible in nature.
Bentwood style furniture is a necessity in almost every home. You’ll find the easy style makes your home more comfortable and stylish. Thonet furniture is an essential whether furnishing a new home or adding to your current décor.