Charcoal on Paper by American Artist Marion Greenwood, Signed ,1933, Mexico
Offered for sale is an early and important charcoal on paper of a Mexican market scene by renowned American artist ... more
Offered for sale is an early and important charcoal on paper of a Mexican market scene by renowned American artist Marion Greenwood (1909-1970) signed lower right and dated 1933, Mexico. Marion Greenwood (April 6, 1909 – August 20, 1970) was an American social realist artist who became popular starting in the twenties and became renowned in both the United States and Mexico. She is most well known for her powerful murals, but she also practiced easel painting, printmaking, and frescoes. Greenwood was born in Brooklyn in 1909 and exhibited artistic talent at a very young age leaving high school at the age of fifteen to study with a scholarship at the Art Students League. There she studied with John Sloan and George Bridgman. She also studied lithography with Emil Ganso and mosaic with Alexander Archipenko. At eighteen, she made multiple visits to Yaddo in Saratoga Springs, New York where she painted portraits of intellectuals-in-residence and gained experience and knowledge through conversation. While still in her teens, the artist used the proceeds from a portrait of a wealthy financier to begin her travels through Europe where she studied at the Academie Colarossi in Paris. Returning to New York in 1930, Greenwood continued to travel extensively over the next four decades, mostly throughout the United States, Mexico, and China. Her first visit to Taxco, Mexico in 1932 marked a crucial turning point in her career where she worked on fresco murals for the Mexican government. Between 1933 and 1936, Greenwood and her sister painted five separate murals in Taxco and Morelia, Mexico. There she met the artist Pablo O'Higgins, who introduced her to fresco painting. As a result, she began focusing her efforts on fresco-mural painting. She completed her first fresco on the stairwell at the Hotel Taxqueño. The success of this piece led to commissions from the University of San Nicolas Hidalgo in Morelia, and the Abelardo L. Rodriguez Market in the historic center of Mexico City. Greenwood was the first woman to receive a mural commission from a foreign government. Shortly after these projects, she returned to the United States to create a mural for the social hall of the Westfield Acres Housing Project in Camden, NJ. In 1937 she was hired to teach fresco painting at Columbia University, and a year later was commissioned by the Section of Fine Arts to paint an oil mural for the post office in Crossville, Tennessee. In 1940 she was commissioned by the Federal Art Project to paint frescoes for the Red Hook housing project in Brooklyn. This project, titled Blueprint for Living, was meant for low-income citizens in government housing and expressed optimism for a more harmonious future.
At the start of World War II Greenwood was one of only two women appointed as an artist war-correspondent. During this time she painted the reconditioning of wounded soldiers. This sometimes involved being present at surgeries to sketch and following the patient through to occupational therapy. The paintings, drawings, and etchings from this series are now in the official archives of the U.S. War Department.
Around 1940, Greenwood began to focus on easel painting and printmaking, generally depicting powerful, gritty scenes of working classes or insightful portraits. From 1944-46 she lived and worked in China, and she made her solo debut with pieces from her one-year stay in Hong Kong at the galleries of Associated American Artists. Another two exhibitions were held in December 1947 and March 1948. After this, she was exhibited in numerous solo shows at the American Contemporary Artists Gallery. She has also been exhibited at the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, the Whitney Museum in New York, the MoMA, and the New York World's Fair. She traveled to Hong Kong, India, the West Indies, and North Africa depicting peoples of different cultures and ethnicities and paying special attention to oppressed people in underdeveloped locations. The University of Georgia added one piece of her work from the Associated American Artists Gallery and her works are in the collections in the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Newark Museum. In 1954 she received another large commission for a mural, The History of Tennessee, in the student center auditorium of the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. Her last mural was made in 1965 at Syracuse University. This mural was dedicated to women of the world and combined drawings and paintings from her studies and world travels.
- 18.25ʺW × 1.25ʺD × 22.75ʺH
- Item Type
- Vintage, Antique or Pre-owned
- Very Good Condition, Original Condition Unaltered, No Imperfections
- Condition Notes
- some vintage wear with dibris in the matting some vintage wear with dibris in the matting less
- Place of Origin
- Art Subject
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