- Tableware & Barware
- Flatware & Silverware
- Sterling Silver
- Antique 19th Century WMF EP German Silver Bone ...
Antique 19th Century WMF EP German Silver Bone Handled Flatware with Silk & Mahogany Box - Set of 24
German WMF Silver(click on photos to enlarge image) Electroplated flatware with sterling silver bezels.
Set of 24, 12) 7 ... moreGerman WMF Silver(click on photos to enlarge image) Electroplated flatware with sterling silver bezels.
Set of 24, 12) 7.75" knife, 12) 7.25" fork in cobalt blue silk upholstered mahogany box. No key.
MARKS OF EUROPEAN SILVER PLATE: XIV.
WÜRTTEMBERGISCHE METALLWARENFABRIK (WMF)
Marks of Hollow Ware and Trays.
WMF is the abbreviation for Württembergische Metallwarenfabrik, which in English means Wurtemberg Metalware Factory. The history of this foundry is well documented [1,2,3]. WMF was created in 1880 after the successful merger of two Wurtemberg foundries, the Geislingen factory belonging to Daniel Straub (Straub & Sohn) and the Esslingen factory of Alfred Ritter (A. Ritter & Co.). The first foundry was commercially more successful, while the second one was using a more advanced technology of galvanic silver deposition, which was first applied in Esslingen by the German chemist Carl Haegele (in 1871), the brother-in-law of Alfred Ritter. In 1881, after the retirement of Daniel Straub, Carl Haegele became the managing director of WMF. In the same year the Esslingen factory was dismantled and its equipment was incorporated into the Geislingen foundry. During the next thirty years WMF experienced a period of rapid expansion, which lasted until the beginning of the World War in 1914.
In 1886, WMF bought the Russian company of Roman Plewkiewicz (Roman Plewkiewicz & Co.) in Warsaw to establish itself on the huge Russian market. This WMF branch was mostly importing the base-metal items from Geislingen, performing silver-plating and then selling them in Russia under their own marks, see my recent article in ASCAS Newsletter . In 1897, WMF acquired the Göppingen factory of nickel-plated wares (Metallwarenfabrik Schauffler & Safft), situated near Stutgart in Württemberg, and then the director of this factory, Hans Schauffler, became the next WMF managing director (in 1898) and kept this position for the next seven years, until 1905. The WMF board of directors also moved to Göppingen. In 1900, WMF took control over the Vienna foundry of silver-plated wares, Albert Köhler & Cie. This firm like R. Plewkiewicz company would stay under WMF until 1914 and would also produce items under its own mark. Finally, in 1905, WMF bought the controlling interest of the Cologne firm Orivit A.G., producing the items from tin-based alloys. The export of silver-plated table ware and domestic items continuously grew, which is testified by the publishing of WMF catalogues in three languages. Three consecutive editions of the English WMF catalogue were published in 1900, 1906 and in 1910. In 1914, the number of employees working only at Geislingen factory reaches 3500 and WMF became the largest industry producer in whole Wurtemberg.
inscription, which was made with a "sans serif" font and used simultaneously on hollow ware and cutlery items. The export WMF hollow ware marks used between 1880 and 1903 are included in the fourth group.
The correctness of the dating is justified by the fact that most of the items bearing the WMF marks from the first group or early WMFM ones from the second group were issued before the appearance of Art Nouveau style (before 1895) and, in line with this, were not mentioned at all in the 1906 WMF catalogue . At the same time, the majority of the objects from the second group, made in Art Nouveau style and bearing late WMFB marks, were described in the above-mentioned catalogue or in the 1901 catalogue of the Roman Plewkiewicz firm . less
- 14ʺW × 10.5ʺD × 4ʺH
- Mid 19th Century
- Item Type
- Vintage, Antique or Pre-owned
- Good Condition, Original Condition Unaltered, Some Imperfections
- Condition Notes
- The only imperfections in this set are several hairline cracks in the bone handles which is minimal and to be ... moreThe only imperfections in this set are several hairline cracks in the bone handles which is minimal and to be expected of this age. It is overall in excellent condition. Some minor wear on the mahogany box which can be addressed with some wood polish. The silk is gorgeous, no tears. less
- Sterling Silver
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